The European contribution is highest in Southern Brazil (77%), the African highest in Northeast Brazil (27%) and the Native American is the highest in Northern Brazil (32%). Support for a national Jewish state was notably greater after the wholesale annihilation of Jews during World War II.  The Syrian Civil War has forced further migration, with at least 4 million displaced as per UN estimates. International Journal on World Peace 25, 3, September 2008. Comparisons with the Atlantic world are useful, but it must be …  A total of 1,840,000 slaves arrived at other British colonies, chiefly the West Indies in the Caribbean.. have noted that diaspora may result in a loss of nostalgia for a single home as people "re-root" in a series of meaningful displacements. The Jewish people are at present prevented by the Diaspora from conducting their political affairs themselves. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative?  In two separate June 2011 incidents, Sichuanese migrant workers organized violent protests against alleged police misconduct and migrant-labor abuse near the southern manufacturing hub of Guangzhou.. This link between the various sects of the African Diaspora is termed by Paul Gilroy as The Black Atlantic. “Democrat” vs. “Republican”: Where Did The Parties Get Their Names? One of the results of this implementation was the loss of records of Native-identified groups, who were classified only as black because of being mixed-race. , In response to Dhu Nuwas’s Christian persecution, the new Aksumite king Kaleb first sent a group of Himyarite refugees in his Aksumite kingdom back into Himyar to stir up underground resistance against Dhu Nuwas. By the mid-16th century, slave trade from Africa to the Caribbean was so profitable that the Englishmen Francis Drake and John Hawkins engaged in piracy and violated Spanish colonial laws, in order to forcibly transport approximately 1500 enslaved people from Sierra Leone to Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic).  Absentee Ballot vs. Mail-In Ballot: Is There A Difference? Uganda expelled 80,000 South Asians in 1972 and took over their businesses and properties. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins A backlash developed in the 1980s as Bhutan's political elites realized that Bhutanese Buddhists were at risk of becoming a minority in their own country.  Their descendants are now found around the globe, but because of intermarriage they are not necessarily readily identifiable. Hine, Trica Danielle. , According to an autosomal DNA study from 2010, "a new portrayal of each ethnicity contribution to the DNA of Brazilians, obtained with samples from the five regions of the country, has indicated that, on average, European ancestors are responsible for nearly 80% of the genetic heritage of the population. Фемертпелф "Юетоще Тхуулйе": Уйопруйу", "Music Earns Black Hebrews Some Acceptance", The pride, passion and purpose of HK's Africans, "Guangzhou clarifies size of African community amid fears over Ebola virus", "Berlin exhibition exposes plight of Africa migrants", "Initiative Schwarze Menschen in Deutschland", "Revisiting the Genetic Ancestry of Brazilians Using Autosomal AIM-Indels", "The Genomic Ancestry of Individuals from Different Geographical Regions of Brazil Is More Uniform Than Expected", "DNA de brasileiro é 80% europeu, indica estudo", Forensic Science International: Genetics. Around 145,600 people of African descendants are living in Romania. The size of the Irish diaspora is demonstrated by the number of people around the world who claim Irish ancestry; some sources put the figure at 80 to 100 million. The economic effect on the African continent proved devastating, as generations of young people were taken from their communities and societies were disrupted. Corrections? The mass emigration that occurred from the 19th century to 1949 was caused mainly by wars and starvation in mainland China, as well as political corruption. See the full definition for diaspora in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for diaspora, Nglish: Translation of diaspora for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of diaspora for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about diaspora. "Following an increasing North to South gradient, European ancestry was the most prevalent in all urban populations (with values up to 74%). Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition the return of the Jews from the Diaspora. Send us feedback. The notion of diaspora is commonly accepted to have begun with the Babylonian Captivity in 597 BCE.  Thousands of former subjects of the British Raj went to the UK from the Indian subcontinent after India and Pakistan became independent in 1947. According to historian Patrick Manning, blacks toiled at the center of forces that created the modern world.  Brubaker notes that, as of 2005[update], there were also academic books or articles on the Dixie, white, liberal, gay, queer and digital diasporas. The third wave began in the 1970s as land shortages intensified and the pool of educated labor greatly exceeded job openings in Nepal. The F.B.I.  The term diaspora originates from the Greek διασπορά (diaspora, literally "scattering") which gained popularity in English in reference to the Jewish diaspora before being more broadly applied to other populations. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... On the festival of Simḥat Torah, the Scroll of the Law is shown to the congregation of a Tunisian synagogue, Judaism: Religious and cultural life in the Diaspora. In these mestizo areas the African culture has had a great influence. Spain sent many political activists into exile during the rule of Franco's military regime from 1936 to his death in 1975. The Jamaican Marcus Garvey formed the UNIA movement in the United States, continuing with Aimé Césaire's négritude movement, which was intended to create a pan-African movement across national lines. In some cases, as countries became independent, numerous minority descendants of Europeans emigrated; others stayed in the lands which had been family homes for generations. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition The U.S. Bureau of the Census categorizes the population by race based on self-identification. Much of the earliest black presence in Canada came from the newly independent United States after the American Revolution; the British resettled African Americans (known as Black Loyalists) primarily in Nova Scotia. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. the scattering of the Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity. , Gran Torino, a 2008 drama starring Clint Eastwood, was the first mainstream American film to feature the Hmong American diaspora. Millions of Chinese fled to western provinces not occupied by Japan (that is, in particular, Szechuan/Szechwan and Yunnan in the Southwest and Shensi and Kansu in the Northwest) and to Southeast Asia. It can be found as far back as 1594, in a translation of Lambert Daneau’s A Fruitfull Commentarie vpon the Twelue Small Prophets: “This scattering abrode of the Iewes, as it were an heauenly sowing, fell out after their returne from the captiuitie of Babylon … they are called Diaspora, that is, a scattering or sowing abrode.” Diaspora is descended from the Greek word diaspeirein, meaning “to scatter, spread about.”. 2008. Blacks of Caribbean origin are usually denoted as "West Indian Canadian", "Caribbean Canadian" or more rarely "Afro-Caribbean Canadian", but there remains no widely used alternative to "Black Canadian" which is considered inclusive of the African, Afro-Caribbean, and African-American black communities in Canada. Learn new vocab by taking this fun trivia quiz! Further, Iton suggests a new starting principle for the use of diaspora: "the impossibility of settlement that correlates throughout the modern period with the cluster of disturbances that trouble not only the physically dispersed but those moved without traveling.