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gerrymandering in squaretopia answers

Some states impanel special commissions. Many boundaries zig and zag east and west, north and south across city, township and county lines as if for no reason at all. But not all. 39 3 3 bronze badges. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have ... Why does gerrymandering exist, and how does it ... united-states political-system electoral-college gerrymandering reference-request. The states that allow their legislatures to perform the redistricting are: Independent commissions: These apolitical panels are used in four states to redraw legislative districts. using pencil, but you should make a final draft with clear, thick lines for me to grade. It improves the amount of minority representatives, because minorities will vote for the representative that is like them. sent back to lower courts. Suppose you need to make 7 districts of equal size. But the political impact is much more significant. Suppose the voters are divided into four districts of equal area, with lines drawn along the grid. The voters are divided into four districts of equal area, with lines drawn along the grid. Consider the following Squaretopia, with blocks colored in for the Yellow and Blue parties. I, have made the diagram twice in case you need an extra copy. The diamonds and dots represent voters. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! It improves the amount of minority representatives, because minorities will vote for the representative that is like them. sent back to lower courts. Republican strategist Karl Rove wrote in The Wall Street Journal before the midterm elections in 2010: The Republican victories in statehouses across the country allowed the GOP in those states to then control the redistricting process taking effect in 2012 and shape congressional races, and ultimately policy, until the next census in 2020. Some states also prohibit legislative staffers and lobbyists, as well. What is the ultimate goal of gerrymandering? take one parties voters and put them all together so they win, in one place.. wasted votes. Gerrymandering often leads to disproportionate politicians from one party being elected to office. Norton explained the emergence of the epithet "gerrymander" this way: The late William Safire, a political columnist and linguist for The New York Times, made note of the word's pronunciation in his 1968 book Safire's New Political Dictionary: Tom Murse is a former political reporter and current Managing Editor of daily paper "LNP," and weekly political paper "The Caucus," both published by LNP Media in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. One persons vote should be qual to another within the state. I have made the diagram twice in case you need an extra copy. The redistricting process begins soon after the U.S. Census Bureau completes its work and begins sending data back to the states. Is there a way to divide the grid along the lines into 5 portions of equal area such that there are only two purple triangles in each portion? New user? The Supreme Court followed up in 2015 by saying states could form independent, nonpartisan commissions to redraw legislative and congressional boundaries. What is gerrymandering… Log in. The program began with successful efforts to regain majorities in key states including Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, North Carolina, Florida, and Wisconsin. Gerrymandering reduces the number of competitive congressional races across the United States by segregating like-minded voters from each other. "A state may take race into account as one of several factors when drawing district lines—but without a compelling reason, race cannot be the 'predominant' reason for a district’s shape," according to the Brennan Center for Justice. less incentives for moderation or bi-partisan cooperation, partisan gerrymandering is potentially unconstitutional, but standards for measuring gerrymandering must established in the future. Gerrymandering often leads to disproportionate politicians from one party being elected to office. Gill v. Whitford (2017) Wisconsin redistricting in 2011. in 2012 dem 53% vote but only have 39 of 99 congressional sears. Divide each map into ten contiguous "compact" districts of equal size such that the Orange Party wins (A) 4 districts (B) 6 districts. What's the maximum number of districts that the dots can win? Is gerrymandering fair in North Carolina? This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages. In the example above, the dots will win two out of the four districts in a vote. When the dominate political party spreads out the weak political party across a state. It is recommended that you start. Suppose you need to make 7. spread voting power... divided one parties voters and spread them up so none of them can win. In the example above, the dots will win two out of the four districts in a vote. The 10 states that use politician commissions are: The term gerrymander is derived from the name of a Massachusetts governor in the early 1800s, Elbridge Gerry. If the majority of the votes are For in two of the districts, the measure passes. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How the Votes Are Counted on Election Day, Why Puerto Rico Matters in the US Presidential Election, How Vacancies in the US Congress are Filled, How the US Electoral College System Works, All the Women Who Have Run for President of the US, Black Women Who Have Run for President of the United States, Shaw v. Reno: Supreme Court Case, Arguments, Impact, to favor a political party or one particular candidate for elected office, according to the Brennan Center for Justice, based on the decennial census every 10 years, North Dakota (Legislative districts only), South Dakota (Legislative districts only), Pennsylvania (Legislative districts only). (a) What is the theoretical maximum number districts you could make for the Blue party? For the Yellow party? politicians themselves use several tactics to unfairly ensure they keep their seats and keep their party in power: cracking, packing, sweetheart gerrymandering, and prison based gerrymandering, blog, 538-electoral college votes, now owned by ABC, concentrate voters to take away their power in other districts. Here are answers to some common questions about rigged electoral maps, and the Revolutionary patriot for whom they are (perhaps unfairly) named. (a) What is the theoretical maximum number districts you could make for the Blue party? where did the term gerrymandering come from? Which piece of the constitution is against gerrymandering? Charles Ledyard Norton, writing in the 1890 book Political Americanisms, blamed Gerry for signing into a law a bill in 1811 "readjusting the representative districts so as to favor the Democrats and weaken the Federalists, although the last-named party polled nearly two-thirds of the votes cast.". asked Jul 28 '17 at 20:39. "The process is marked by secrecy, self-dealing and backroom logrolling among elected officials. The U.S. Supreme Court, ruling in 1964, called for a fair and equitable distribution of voters among congressional districts, but its ruling dealt mostly with the actual number of voters in each and whether they were rural or urban, not the partisan or racial makeup of each: The federal Voting Rights Act of 1965 took on the issue of using race as a factor in drawing congressional districts, saying it is illegal to deny minorities their constitutional right “to participate in the political process and to elect representatives of their choice.”. The way congressional and legislative boundaries are drawn determines who wins federal and state elections, and ultimately which political party holds the power in making crucial policy decisions. Gerrymandering has become common in American politics and is often blamed for the gridlock in Congress, polarization of the electorate and disenfranchisement among voters. what are paths to prevent gerrymandering? Redistricting must be completed in time for the 2012 elections. Introducing Textbook Solutions. If democrats are only dominate in districts one and twelve will they ever win North Carolina? -proportional representation: multiple rep from each district, less districts. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. What's the maximum number of votes the South could have For such that a majority of all the voters combined together still voted Against? Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Clearly the measure is going to fail, but it turns out a majority of voters combined might have voted For anyway! And it creates districts of voters who are socioeconomically, racially or politically alike so that members of Congress are safe from potential challengers and, as a result, have little reason to compromise with their colleagues from the other party. Forgot password? While these states take redistricting out of the hands of the entire legislature, the process is highly political, or partisan, and often results in gerrymandering districts. Consider the following Squaretopia, with blocks colored in for the Yellow and Blue parties. The purpose of gerrymandering is to grant one party power over another by creating districts that hold dense concentrations of voters who are favorable to their policies. The diamonds and dots represent voters. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Gerrymandering is the act of drawing congressional, state legislative or other political boundaries to favor a political party or one particular candidate for elected office. Proposition 888 is up for vote in the North District, the East District, and the South District. How could gerrymandering improve the amount of minority representation in the house? Is it possible to divide the picture into two parts of equal area in which the apples outnumber the oranges in one of the parts? When the dominate political party spreads out the weak political party across a state. When the dominate political party crams the weak political party into one or two districts in a state. What's the maximum number of districts that the dots can outnumber the diamonds and win. gerrymandering definition: 1. an occasion when someone in authority changes the borders of an area in order to increase the…. By drawing the boundaries so that an opponent has overwhelming control of a district, practitioners … Quiz 3B, Math of Democracy Fall 2018, Dr. Adam Graham-Squire Name: 1. In the end, though, most cases of gerrymandering are legal. 20181228165539929_Final 18-281 Joint Appendix Vol 5.pdf, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina • APPLIED ST 2010, University of Southern California • FINANCE 101. The picture above needs to be divided into two parts of equal area by cutting along the grid lines. And it creates districts of voters who are socioeconomically, racially or politically alike so that members of Congress are safe from potential challengers and, as a result, have little reason to compromise with their colleagues from the other party. Gerrymandering is the process of drawing political boundaries to favor one political party over others in an electoral system.

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