The new South is enamored of her new work. “There was a South of slavery and secession,” Atlanta Constitution editor Henry Grady proclaimed in an 1886 speech to businessmen in New York.“That South is dead,” he said. The South found her jewel in the toad’s head of defeat. But what of the negro? Grady shared an optimistic view of the New South’s potential—a strong core, economic diversity, and healthy growth over time. We are coming to meet you. This is said in no spirit of time-serving or apology. Media Gallery: Henry W. Grady (1850-1889). ", Henry W. Grady Statue, Atlanta Time Machine, Elbert P. 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No section shows a more prosperous laboring population than the negroes of the South, none in fuller sympathy with the employing and land-owning class. The South after the Civil War. All rights reserved. We have established thrift in city and country. The statue has recently been the subject of debate, as several groups have called for its removal due to Grady's support of white supremacy. “There was a South of slavery and secession — that South is dead. Source: Life and Labors of Henry W. Grady, His Speeches, Writings, Etc. Grady's attempts to affix northern interests to the city he loved were cut short by his sudden death in Atlanta on December 23, 1889. They buried him in the midst of a marble quarry: they cut through solid marble to make his grave; and yet a little tombstone they put above him was from Vermont. The South didn’t furnish a thing on earth for that funeral but the corpse and the hole in the ground. The shackles that had held her in narrow limitations fell forever when the shackles of the negro slave were broken. The South after the Civil War. Henry Grady High School is named for a 19th-century newspaper editor who advocated for a “New South” after the Civil War. But, sir, speaking from the shadow of that memory which I honor as I do nothing else on earth, I say that the cause in which he suffered and for which he gave his life was adjudged by a higher and fuller wisdom than his or mine, and I am glad that the omniscient God held the balance of battle in His Almighty hand, and that human slavery was swept forever from American soil — that the American Union was saved from the wreck of war. These “New South” boosters argued that, with its plantation economy destroyed by the Civil War and Reconstruction, the South would develop a new economy more attuned to the industrial capitalism that defined the rest of the American economy. Jim Crow. One African-American Dreams About Rebuilding the South. There they put him away and the clods rattled down on his coffin, and they buried him in a New York coat and a Boston pair of shoes and a pair of breeches from Chicago and a shirt from Cincinnati, leaving him nothing to carry into the next world with him to remind him of the country in which he lived, and for which he fought for four years, but the chill of blood in his veins and the marrow in his bones. We are going to take a noble revenge, as my friend, Mr. Carnegie, said last night, by invading every inch of your territory with iron, as you invaded ours twenty-nine years ago. This is the currently selected item. She is thrilling with the consciousness of growing power and prosperity. Henry W. Grady, the editor of the Atlanta Constitution, promoted the vision for the New South at a meeting of the New England Society of New York. A program of Georgia Humanities in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor. They buried him in the heart of a pine forest, and yet the pine coffin was imported from Cincinnati. His father, a successful merchant and major in the Confederate army, was killed during the … 02 November 2020. I should be unjust to the dauntless spirit of the South and to my own convictions if I did not make this plain in this presence. The new South presents a perfect democracy, the oligarchs leading in the popular movement; a social system compact and closely knitted, less splendid on the surface, but stronger at the core; a hundred farms for every plantation, fifty homes for every palace; and a diversified industry that meets the complex needs of this complex age.  Ground was broken on September 7, 1891. I attended a funeral once in Pickens county in my State.  This came several years after students at the Henry W. Grady High School in Atlanta called for the school to be renamed, citing similar concerns regarding Grady's politics. “There was a South of slavery and secession — that South is dead. Henry Grady and the "New South" Henry Grady was born in Athens, Georgia, in 1850. Invited to speak at the 1886 meeting of the New England Society in New York City, Grady preached the promises of a New South.  While state law forbids the relocation or removal of monuments, the students urged Bottoms to appeal this law and suggested a plaque offering context of Grady be attached to the pedestal of the statue. The old South rested everything on slavery and agriculture, unconscious that these could neither give nor maintain healthy growth. We understand that when Lincoln signed the emancipation proclamation, your victory was assured, for he then committed you to the cause of human liberty, against which the arms of man cannot prevail—while those of our statesmen who trusted to make slavery the corner-stone of the Confederacy doomed us to defeat as far as they could, committing us to a cause that reason could not defend or the sword maintain in sight of advancing civilization. Let the record speak to the point. Next lesson. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. We have let economy take root and spread among us as rank as the crabgrass which sprung from Sherman’s cavalry camps, until we are ready to lay odds on the Georgia Yankee as he manufactures relics of the battlefield in a one-story shanty and squeezes pure olive oil out of his cotton seed, against any down-easter that ever swapped wooden nutmegs for flannel sausage in the valleys of Vermont. In his editorials, speeches, and writings, Grady tried to advertise to the rest of the nation, and to the world at large, a South that was no longer the South of the old plantation days, of the sleepy towns, of the magnolia A program of Georgia Humanities in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor. To liberty and enfranchisement is as far as law can carry the negro. , The location for the monument was selected as the intersection of Marietta Street and Forsyth Street, a location sometimes referred to as "Grady Square". It was a poor “one gallus” fellow, whose breeches struck him under the armpits and hit him at the other end about the knee—he didn’t believe in decollete clothes.  The statue was unveiled by Grady's daughter, with New York Governor David B. Hill serving as the speaker of the event. When Lee surrendered—I don’t say when Johnson surrendered, because I understand he still alludes to the time when he met General Sherman last as the time when he determined to abandon any further prosecution of the struggle—when Lee surrendered, I say, and Johnson quit, the South became, and has since been, loyal to this Union. , On December 24, 1889 (the day after Grady's death) a group of prominent Atlanta men met to discuss the creation of a monument honoring Grady. , In December 2019, an editorial in The Signal, the student newspaper for Georgia State University, called for Atlanta mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms to remove the statue from its position of prominence and relocate the statue to the grounds of the Atlanta History Center. 2. developing industry. The New South. But, sir, speaking from the shadow of that memory which I honor as I do nothing else on earth, I say that the cause in which he suffered and for which he gave his life was adjudged by a higher and fuller wisdom than his or mine, and I am glad that the omniscient God held the balance of battle in His Almighty hand, and that human slavery was swept forever from American soil — that the American Union was saved from the wreck of war. As she stands upright, full-statured and equal among the people of the earth, breathing the keen air and looking out upon the expanded horizon, she understands that her emancipation came because through the inscrutable wisdom of God her honest purpose was crossed, and her brave armies were beaten. View NGE content as it applies to the Georgia Standards of Excellence. Henry W. Grady was a celebrated orator and newspaper editor during the late 1800s. There is a South of union and freedom — that South, thank God, is living, breathing, growing every hour.” These words, delivered from the immortal lips of Benjamin H. Hill, at Tammany Hall, in 1866, true then and truer now, I shall make my text to-night. He shares our school fund, has the fullest protection of our laws and the friendship of our people. These New South boosters argued that the post-war South… In my native town of Athens is a monument that crowns its central hill — a plain, white shaft.  Within a month, the committee had raised over $20,000 via donations from across the country. Above all, we know that we have achieved in these “piping times of peace” a fuller independence for the South than that which our fathers sought to win in the forum by their eloquence or compel in the field by their swords. (Atlanta: J. C. Hudgins & Co., 1890), 99-116. In the record of her social, industrial and political illustration we await with confidence the verdict of the world. Henry W. Grady was a celebrated orator and newspaper editor during the late 1800s. “There was a South of slavery and secession — that South is dead. In my native town of Athens is a monument that crowns its central hill — a plain, white shaft. The rest must be left to conscience and common sense. Courtesy of Georgia Department of Economic Development. The vision of a “New South” was heralded by southern landowners, entrepreneurs, and newspaper editors in the decades following the Confederacy’s defeat in 1865 and the abolition of racial slavery across the South.
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