In the Meiji Restoration in Japan, Japanese farmers wanted to have American-style ranches for raising livestock. In 1890, the skulls of Japanese wolves ( Canis lupus hodophilax ) were compared with those of wolves from Hokkaido in the British Museum. Soc. However, these sightings have never been verified. They were generally very lean, but had an exceedingly muscular body. Some taxonomists believe that it still survives on Sakhalin island. He has a thick double coat designed to withstand harsh weather, so he is not well-suited to hotter climates. ), Recent Advances in the Biology of Japanese Insectivore. Origin: Central America it was classified as a subspecies of the grey wolf in 1931 by Japanese arachnologist Kyukichi Kishida. , With the onset of the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Emperor Meiji officially ended Japan's long-standing isolationism through the Charter Oath, and sought to modernize Japan's agriculture by replacing its dependence on rice farming with American-style ranching. Animals that went extinct due to human activity, https://animals.fandom.com/wiki/Hokkaido_Wolf?oldid=76365. A survey taken in the mid 1960s showed that there were no wolves in any of the Kuril islands, but many feral dogs. HABITAT It lived on the Japanese islands of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu primarily in remote mountain areas.. CHARACTERISTICS September 12, 1935. When conducted on the bone of an extinct specimen, it informs researchers about the diet of the specimen. As wolf predation was inhibiting the propagation of horses in southeastern Hokkaidō and allegedly causing hardship to Ainu deer hunters, the Meiji government declared wolves as "noxious animals" (yūgai dōbutsu), entrusting Dun to oversee the animals' extermination. The breed comes in several colors: white, red, black, brindle, sesame, and wolf grey. Since then, there have been people claiming to see the Ezo Wolf. In addition, the wolves were deliberately poisoned with strychnine by farmers who viewed the wolf as a threat to their livestock. Wolves were sacrificed in "sending-away" iomante ceremonies, and some Ainu communities, such as those in Tokachi and Hidaka, held origin myths linking the birth of the Ainu to a coupling between a white wolf and a goddess. Soc. ), is a possibly extinct subspecies of Canis lupus that once inhabited coastal north-east Asia. Common Names: Sakhalin wolf, Ezo wolf A study of Ezo wolf morphology showed that it was similar in size to the gray wolf of the Asian and North American continents. Hokkaido wolves are direct descendants from the mainland Siberian wolves. The Hokkaido Wolf HABITAT They once inhabited the Japanese island of Hokkaido, Russia's island of Sakhalin and Kamchatka Peninsula, and the Kuril islands. In 1931, Kishida Kyukishi described a skull from a wolf killed in 1881 and declared it to be a distinct subspecies. The Hokkaido wolf (Canis lupus hattai), also known as the Ezo wolf (Japanese: エゾオオカミ（蝦夷狼）ー, Hepburn: Ezo Ōkami) and in Russia as the Sakhalin wolf, is an extinct subspecies of gray wolf that once inhabited coastal north-east Asia. Your email address will not be published. The largest city on Hokkaido is its capital, Sapporo, which is also its only ordinance-designated city. The Hokkaido Wolf (Canis lupus hattai), also known as the Sakhalin wolf or in Japan the Ezo wolf (エゾオオカミ（蝦夷狼） Ezo Ōkami? Required fields are marked *. They were nocturnal and would be active between dusk and sunrise. orion.)  The coalescence time back to the most recent common ancestor for two Ezo wolf samples was estimated to be 3,100 (between 700–5,900) years ago, and the Ezo wolf is estimated to have diverged from North American wolves 9,300 (between 5,700–13,700) years ago. adElem.style.position = ''; During the famous Meiji Restoration in Japan, the local farmers expressed their interest for having their own American-style ranches to raise livestock. Your email address will not be published. Another theory suggests that, in 1878, a large population of wild deer and other minor herbivores starved to death because of the unavailability of natural vegetation. The coalescence time back to the most recent common ancestor for two Ezo wolf samples was estimated to be 3,100 (between 700–5,900) years ago, and the Ezo wolf is estimated … (New: Canis lupus rex, C. i. arctos, C. I. The hokkaido wolf is an extinct subspecies of gray wolf that once inhabited coastal north-east Asia. , A study of Ezo wolf morphology showed that it was similar in size to the gray wolf of the Asian and North American continents. 375-397 in L.H. We do not implement these annoying types of ads! Its nearest relatives were the wolves of North America rather than Asia. adElem.style.position = 'fixed'; Zool. 2. The wolf was deemed a threat to ranching (which the Meiji government promoted at the time) and targeted via a bounty system and a direct chemical extermination campaign. It became extinct on Hokkaido island in 1889. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1935.tb01687.x, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hokkaido_Wolf&oldid=6762182, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Taxidermied Ezo wolf at Hokkaido University Museum. adElem.style.height = ''; Ainu hunters would leave portions of their kills for wolves, and it was believed that hunters could share a wolf's kill if they politely cleared their throats in its presence. In 1935, Pocock examined one of the specimens in the British Museum that had been obtained in 1886 and named it Canis lupus rex because of its large size. A bounty was placed on the wolf which officially became extinct in 1889. Lifespan: – years } The Hokkaido wolf (Canis lupus hattai) is a subspecies of Gray Wolf. That’s why we’ve got a comments section on this blog! 9 Effective Tips To Help Your Pooch With Allergy, 7 Amazing Benefits of CBD for Pets That Every Pet Owner Should Know, Gifts for Dog Owners That Already Have Everything, How To Tame Your Pet Lizard: Have More Fun Safely. Previously thought to be an independent species, the Hokkaido wolf was classified as a subspecies of the gray wolf by Japanese archeologist Kyukichi Kishida in 1931. He is generally very lean but exceedingly muscular. adElem.style.width = '';  A more recent study estimates their arrival in Hokkaido less than 10,000 YBP. The Hokkaido wolf was larger than the Honshu wolf, more approaching the size of a regular gray wolf. American Committee for International Wildlife Protection, Special Publication No. The Hokkaido Wolf is a subspecies of the gray wolf, and is one of two extinct wolves from japan, with the other one being the ‘Honshu Wolf’ or ‘Japanese Wolf’. As compared to the Honshu Wolf, the Hokkaido Wolf a lot of closely related to the standard gray wolf in size, dimensions, and alternative characteristics. Soon after, the local Hokkaido wolves began preying upon these livestock, and they experienced significant development during this period. The Honshu Wolf. A large number of deer starved to death in 1878 because of a heavy snow, having a great negative affect on the Ezo Wolf. "The Meiji State and the Logic of Ainu 'Protection'", In. September 12, 1935. Hokkaidō experienced significant development during this period, which led to the Hokkaidō wolf suffering from resulting environmental disruption. By size, dimensions, and other features, the physical characteristics of the Hokkaidos were closely related to the modern-day standard gray wolf. They were usually a light grey or tannish grey in color. Soviet zoologist Vladimir Heptner wrote that the wolves (classed under the nomen dubium C. l. altaicus) of Kamchatka (where C. l. hattai's range is supposed to have encompassed) are just as large as C. l. lupus, with light gray fur with dark guard hairs running along the back. These estimates indicate that Ezo wolves colonized Japan more recently than Japanese wolves from the Asian continent during the last glacial period via a land bridge with Sakhalin Island, which existed up to 10,000 years ago. }; The Ainu did not differentiate wolves from their domestic dogs, and would strive to reproduce wolf traits in their dogs by allowing dogs in heat to roam freely in wolf-inhabited areas in order to produce hybrid offspring.