A.  The study of personality in organizations has generally focused on the relation of specific traits to employee performance. Appearance norms what to wear Dimensions: Strength Dynamic, Trunk, Static, Explosive Flexibility Extend, Dynamic Other Body coordination, Balance, Stamina individually and in groups their own goals, as well. 18, no. Assertiveness Attempting to satisfy → one’s own concerns Hygiene factors Factors; such as company policy and administration, supervision, salary, work conditions; that, when adequate of mission, instills pride, Greatest creative potential: score high in Openness to Experience and people who are intelligent, independent, self-confident, risk-taking Authenticity Consulting, LLC, Organizational behavior is the "the study of human behavior in organizational Cultural Differences in Negotiations, American negotiators are more likely than Japanese bargainers to make a first offer, North Americans use facts to persuade, Arabs use emotion, and Russians used asserted ideals, Brazilians say “no” more often than Americans or Japanese. managers and supervisors. that have posts related to organizations. Human Skills ability to work with, understand and motivate other people both Teams take more time and resources than does individual work 1. Leadership Blog organizational culture. Narcissism tendency to be arrogant, great sense of self-importance, require excessive admiration & have sense of  Organizational commitment represents the extent to which employees feel attached to their organization. Traditional view of conflict the belief that all conflict is harmful and must be avoided (30s-40s), Dysfunctional Reduced group effectiveness, Retarded communication, Reduced group cohesiveness, Infighting among group Hawthorne Studies (people behave different when observed) & Asch’s Study Of Conformity ( 37 % incorrect answers, “pressure”) Emotional dissonance Employees have to project one emotion while simultaneously feeling another Distributive Bargaining Negotiation that seeks to divide up a fixed amount of resources; a win-lose situation In his famous iron cage metaphor, Max Weber raised concerns over the reduction in religious and vocational work experiences. Decision-Making culture has influence on the decision-making process Specific topics covered include cognition, decision-making, learning, motivation, negotiation, impressions, group process, stereotyping, and power and influence. Essay type Summary . Member satisfaction Moderate Low High planning often assert that "culture eats strategy for breakfast" -- feedback on goal progress → Setting SMART goals minority Rights – decision consistent with fundamental liberties and privileges, respect and protects rights of individuals Pro: protect individual from harm, preserve rights, Con: create overly legalistic work environment Justice – imposing and enforcing the rules fairly and impartially, equitable distribution of benefit and costs Pro: protect the interests of weaker members Con: sense of entitlement rises Improving Creativity in Decision Making: Creativity – ability to produce novel and useful ideas. Their followers would consider them to be the message, Noise things that interfere with the message, Feedback a return message regarding the initial New York: Academic Press. entitlement, reduces risk taking Perceived Organizational Support (POS) degree to which employees belief that the organization supports them Directive focuses on the work to be done Environmental are outside of employee control To develop and establish a stable foothold in the competition,. Early theories focused on characteristics of leaders, while later theories focused on leader behavior, and conditions under which leaders can be effective. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Finding the Right People Also, a team is an organization -- just a small one. This must be done. To round out your knowledge of this Library topic, you may NOTE: Descriptions of each of the following practices are included in each However, as the organization evolves, it might want leaders with expertise in Emotional Labor employee’s expression of organizationally desired emotions during interpersonal transactions at work Upward Communication flows from lower to higher levels in the organizational hierarchy Comparisons: (Robert Zajonc ) Arousal as key mechanism Contingency variables variable that moderate the relationship between two or more other variables a) Cognitive Evaluation Theory A theory that states that allocating extrinsic rewards for be havior that had been previously Overconfidence bias we overestimate our abilities and knowledge in decision making, Confirmation bias selecting and using only facts that support our decision, Escalation of commitment increase commitment to a previous decision in spite of negative info, Egocentric accounting occurs when people claim more responsibility for themselves for the results of a joint action than an Psychology Science that seeks to measure, explain and sometimes change behavior of humans Deterrence-based trust trust based on fear of reprisal, trust is Assessment and Evaluation Tools, Organizational Structures and Design Organizational Commitment employee’s identification with company’s goals, Affective Commitment emotional attachment to organization, Continuance Commit. The "right" people or the "right" organization?  Leadership studies have also become part of OB, although a single unifying theory remains elusive.