Mais ce changement de poste n'apaise pas Stanhope et Sunderland, qui obtiennent le renvoi de Townshend comme Lord Lieutenant en avril 1717. En 1731 un navire contrebandier britannique, « Porte-la à ton roi, et dis-lui que je lui ferai la même chose si je le vois par ici ! Walpole est également l'objet de nombreuses satires et de parodies ; il est souvent comparé au criminel Jonathan Wild, comme le fait, par exemple, John Gay dans son Opéra des Gueux.  Hoppit says Walpole's policies sought moderation: he worked for peace, lower taxes and growing exports and allowed a little more tolerance for Protestant Dissenters. Feb. 1701 - 1702.  He was especially active in opposing one of the Government's more significant proposals, the Peerage Bill, which would have limited the power of the monarch to create new peerages.  He also left behind a collection of art which he had assembled during his career. Voters and politicians nicknamed him "Robin". George II offered this home to Walpole as a personal gift in 1732, but Walpole accepted it only as the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, taking up his residence there on 22 September 1735. In 2013 the Hermitage loaned the collection to Houghton for display following the original William Kent hanging plan, recently discovered at Houghton. , Walpole Street in Wolverhampton is named after Sir Robert Walpole.. In 1739 Walpole abandoned all efforts to stop the conflict and commenced the War of Jenkins' Ear (so called because Robert Jenkins, a Welsh mariner, claimed that a Spaniard inspecting his vessel had severed his ear). Le principal sujet de controverse est la politique étrangère, car Walpole et Townshend considèrent que le roi George Ier conduit les affaires étrangères davantage selon les intérêts de l'électorat de Hanovre que de ceux de la Grande-Bretagne. His grandson, the 3rd Earl of Orford, sold many of the works in this collection to the Russian Empress Catherine II in 1779. , The resignation of Sunderland and the death of Stanhope in 1721 left Walpole as the most important figure in the administration. Couverture rigide. [note 1] Their daughter Mary became the second wife of Charles Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan, and had issue. , While the "country party" attacked Walpole relentlessly, he subsidised writers and lesser-known journalists such as William Arnall and Bishop Benjamin Hoadly as well as two men he named to the role of poet laureate, Laurence Eusden and Colley Cibber. Although the exact dates of Walpole's dominance, dubbed the "Robinocracy", are a matter of scholarly debate, the period 1721–1742 is often used. monsieur Robert Walpole, Très honorable premier comte d'Orford (Salle Houghton, 26 août 1676 - Salle Houghton, 18 mars 1745), Il a été un politique britannique.. Il est généralement considéré comme le 1er Premier ministre la Royaume-Uni. Under the Act of Settlement 1701, which excluded Roman Catholics from the line of succession, Anne was succeeded by her second cousin, the Elector of Hanover, George I. George I distrusted the Tories, who he believed opposed his right to succeed to the Throne. He would frequently ask young fellows at their first appearance in the world, while their honest hearts were yet untainted, well are you to be an old Roman? WALPOLE, Robert (1676-1745), of Houghton, Norf. In his second intervention, Walpole, with fear of a Jacobite-inspired invasion in February 1744, made a speech on the situation. Les deux hommes s'opposent au sujet des affaires étrangères, particulièrement sur la politique à suivre concernant la Prusse, mais Walpole sort finalement victorieux, et son collègue se retire le 15 mai 1730. . Ce procès est extrêmement impopulaire en Grande-Bretagne, ce qui conduit à la chute du duc de Marlborough et à la défaite des whigs aux élections générales britanniques de 1710. The two also had to contend with the Secretary of State for the Southern Department, Lord Carteret. ... His Name will not be recorded in History among the best men, or the best Ministers, but much much less ought it to be ranked among the worst. Homme d'État anglais (Houghton, Norfolk, 1676-Londres 1745). Pendant le reste du règne de George Ier, l'ascendant de Walpole grandit : le pouvoir politique du monarque diminue peu à peu, tandis que celui de ses ministres augmente. He maintained both his parliamentary supremacy and his popularity in Norfolk, his home county. Agrandir les images SIR ROBERT WALPOLE: A POLITICAL BIOGRAPHY 1676-1745 EWALD, Alex. Les conflits, cependant, éclatent sur le commerce avec les Indes occidentales. Après les élections générales britanniques de 1734, les partisans de Walpole constituent toujours une majorité à la Chambre des communes, mais ils sont moins nombreux qu'avant. 2: Flowery oratory he despised. Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1715-1754, ed. The speculative market for slaves, rum and mahogany spawned a frenzy that had ramifications throughout Europe when it collapsed. Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745), normally known as "Sir Robert Walpole", was a British Whig statesman who is generally regarded as having been the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Aislabie was found guilty and imprisoned, but the personal influence of Walpole saved both Stanhope and Sunderland.  Bolingbroke and Pulteney ran a periodical called The Craftsman in which they incessantly denounced the Prime Minister's policies. He had a coarse wit, which he was too free of for a Man in his Station, as it is always inconsistent with dignity. His power stemmed from his personal influence instead of the influence of his office. They charged him in their libels and seditious conversations as having first reduced corruption to a system. The Stanhope–Sunderland faction, however, had the King's support. , Walpole's influence continued to dramatically decline even after the war began. Upon the death of the third Earl, the earldom was inherited by the first Earl's younger son Horace Walpole, who is now remembered for his many thousands of insightful letters, published in 48 volumes by Yale University Press. Sir Robert Walpole; A Political Biography, 1676-1745: Ewald, Alexander Charles: Amazon.sg: Books Parmi les ministres impliqués, on compte John Aislabie (chancelier de l'Échiquier), James Craggs l'Aîné (Postmaster General ; Craggs the Elder), James Craggs le Jeune (secrétaire du Sud ; Craggs the Younger), Stanhope et Lord Sunderland. A committee was created to inquire into Walpole's ministry but no substantial evidence of wrongdoing or corruption was discovered.  The crisis had gravely damaged the credibility of the King and of the Whig Party, but Walpole defended both with skilful oratory in the House of Commons. The Tory Party was equally unfortunate even though Lord Bolingbroke, a Tory leader who fled to France to avoid punishment for his Jacobite sympathies, was permitted to return to Britain in 1723. His opponents acquired a vocal leader in the Prince of Wales who was estranged from his father, the King.  This defeat led Lord Stanhope and Lord Sunderland to reconcile with their opponents; Walpole returned as Paymaster of the Forces and Townshend was appointed Lord President of the Council. La Grande-Bretagne, libérée des menaces jacobites, de guerre et de crise financière, se développe et devient prospère, assurant à Robert Walpole la faveur de George Ier. , Soon after Walpole's resignation, a bitter family quarrel between the King and the Prince of Wales split the Royal Family. He used his influence to prevent George II from entering the War of the Polish Succession in 1733, because it was a dispute between the Bourbons and the Habsburgs.  In 1725 he persuaded the king to revive the Knighthood of the Bath and was himself invested with the order, and in 1726 was made a Knight of the Garter, earning him the nickname "Sir Bluestring". After he was released, Walpole wrote and published anonymous pamphlets attacking the Harley ministry and assisted Sir Richard Steele in crafting political pamphlets. He established a stable political supremacy for the Whig party and taught succeeding ministers how best to establish an effective working relationship between Crown and Parliament". Name Sir Robert Walpole. This new proposal, however, was extremely unpopular and aroused the opposition of the nation's merchants. Député whig (1701), secrétaire à la Guerre (1708) puis trésorier de la Marine (1710), il est disgracié lors de la réaction tory. Though these events diminished Walpole's popularity, they failed to shake his majority in Parliament. Walpole, Sir Robert 1st Earl of Orford. George Ier n'a pas confiance dans les Tories, qu'il soupçonne de vouloir s'opposer à son autorité.  In April 1721 he was appointed First Lord of the Treasury, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons. 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